G'day folks,

Welcome to a reflection on those events that occurred on this day.

44 BC - Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
44 BC - The first of Cicero's Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.
31 BC - Final war of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium - off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
911 - Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines
1192 - Ottoman Sultan Saladin & King Richard the Lion-hearted of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade
1519 - 1st Battle of Tehuacingo, San Salvador vs Mexico
1537 - King Christian III publishes "Ordinance on the Danish Church"
1644 - , Cornwall: Robert Devereux's infantry surrenders
1649 - The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
1666 - Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed
1686 - Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
1732 - Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome
Saladin 1743 - Britain/Austria/Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
1752 - Last Julian calendar day in Britain and British colonies (no Sept 3-Sept 13th)
1789 - US Treasury Department established by Congress
1792 - September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.

1796 - Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
1806 - A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switz, kills 500
1807 - The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
1839 - Salon of Varietes opens in Amsterdam
1856 - Tianjing's struggle Incident in Nanjing, China.
1859 - Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1859 - A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.
1864 - Union General William T. Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during US Civil War
1867 - 1st Girl School opens in Haarlem Neth
1870 - Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
1882 - 2nd U.S. National Championship: Richard Sears beats Clarence M. Clark (6-1, 6-4, 6-0)
1885 - In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
1894 - -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
1894 - Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
1897 - "McCal" magazine first published
Union General William Tecumseh Sherman 1898 - Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
1898 - Machine gun 1st used in battle
1900 - Telegraph use between Germany & US begins
1900 - A large demonstration by Nationalists in Dublin's Phoenix Park demand that Ireland be free of British rule
1901 - VP Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"
1902 - "A Trip To The Moon", the first science fiction film, released
1908 - Tommy Burns KOs Bill Lang in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
1909 - King Edward VII signs South Africa Act
1911 - Joao Chagas forms Portuguese government
1913 - Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
1914 - -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
1914 - The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy Burns 1917 - Deutsche Vaterlands Partei formed by admiral Tirpitz
1919 - Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
1919 - Italy agress to general voting right/proportional representation
1919 - National Commission recommends a best-of-9 World Series
1920 - W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London

1922 - President Ebert declares "Deutschland uber alas" as German national anthem
1924 - 44th US Men's Tennis: William Tilden beats William Johnston (6-1 9-7 6-2)
1924 - Rudolf Friml's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in NYC
1924 - 44th U.S. National Championship: Bill Tilden beats Bill Johnston (6-1, 9-7, 6-2)
1926 - Italy signs treaty with Yemen
1927 - Rumour starts that Yankee Lou Gehrig will be traded to Tigers
Baseball Player Lou Gehrig 1929 - Unilever forms by merger of Margarine Union & Lever Bros
1929 - WOR (NYC) ends affiliation with CBS radio network
1930 - 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
1935 - A hurricane slams Florida Keys killing 423
1936 - 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight
1937 - US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
1940 - 23rd PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Hershey CC Hershey Pa
1940 - Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
1941 - Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
1942 - German troops enter Stalingrad
1944 - Belgium's Emissie bank closes
1944 - During WW II, George H W Bush ejects from a burning plane
1944 - Holocaust diarist Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank 1944 - US leaders meet in Belgium
1945 - 59th US Womens Tennis: Sarah P Cooke beats Pauline Betz (3-6 8-6 6-4)
1945 - Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day)
1945 - V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WW II ends)
1946 - Johnny Neun replaces Bill Dickey as Yankee manager
1946 - Nehru forms government in India
1949 - Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)
1951 - Australia, NZ & US sign ANZUS-pact
1952 - Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
1954 - Hurricane Edna batters NE US, killing 20
1954 - WTVD TV channel 11 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - KCRA TV channel 3 in Sacramento, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Collapse of a rail bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
1956 - Orioles trailing Red Sox 8-0 come back to win 11-10 in 9 innings
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh 1956 - Washington-Jackson cable line replaced by bus service
1956 - 7th Formula One WDC: Juan Manuel Fangio wins by three points
1957 - 1st edition newspaper the Ware Time (in Suriname), 1,700 die
1957 - Milwaukee Braves' Frank Torre scores 6 runs in 1 game
1957 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1958 - Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1958 - Hendrik Verwoerd appointed PM of South Africa
1958 - KAYS TV channel 7 in Hays, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Minn announces $9 million bond issue to improve Metropolitan Stadium
1958 - National Defense Education Act was signed
1958 - U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan, Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.
1959 - US President Eisenhower arrives in Paris

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower 1960 - Tamara & Irina Press (USSR) become 1st sisters to win olympic gold
1960 - William Walton's 2nd Symphony, premieres
1960 - The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as the Democracy Day.
1962 - Stan Musial's 3,516th hit moves over Tris Speaker into 2nd place
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 - Alabama Gov George C Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee HS
1963 - CBS & NBC expand network news from 15 to 30 minutes
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Idaho Centennia Golf Tournament
1964 - Indonesian paratroopers lands in Malaysia
1964 - Norman Manley scores 2-consecutive holes-in-one at Del Valley, Cal
1965 - Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits his 400th HR (off Curt Simmons)
1965 - Treblinka trial in Dusseldorf ends
LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1966 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Ladies' World Series of Golf
1967 - KUHI (now KSNF) TV channel 16 in Joplin, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.
1968 - Jerry Lewis' 3rd Muscular Dystrophy telethon
1969 - NY Yankee Joe Pepitone is reinstated
1969 - Ralph Houk signs 3-year contract to manage Yankees at $65,000 a season
1969 - The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
1970 - 1st tennis tie break at a Grand Slam (US Open) (9 pt sudden death)
1971 - Cesar Cedeno hits an inside-the-park grand slammer
1971 - Chris Evert & Jimmy Connors win their 1st US Open tennis matches
1971 - NY's Electric Circus Club goes out of business
Tennis Legend Chris Evert 1971 - There are further Irish Republican Army bombs set off across the region, including one in Belfast which wrecked the headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party
1972 - Chicago White Sox Milt Pappas no-hits SD Padres, 1-0
1972 - Renate Stecher runs 100m European female record (11.07 sec)
1972 - Rod Stewart's 1st #1 hit (You Wear it Well)
1972 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1972 - The headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in Belfast is severely damaged by an IRA bomb
1973 - Billy Martin fired as manager of Tigers
1973 - Netherlands wins hockey world's championship
1973 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Charity Golf Classic
1974 - Jerry Lewis' 9th Muscular Dystrophy telethon
38th US President Gerald Ford 1974 - US President Gerald Ford signs Employee Retirement Income Security Act
1978 - Graham Salmon set worlds record for 100 meters by a blind man
1978 - John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston
1978 - Reggie Jackson is 19th player to hit 20 HR in 11 straight years
1979 - "I Remember Mama" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 108 perfs
1979 - 79th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Mark O'Meara
1980 - John Arlott commentates on his last game, England v Australia at Lord's
1981 - USSR performs underground nuclear test

1982 - Rolling Stone Keith Richard's house burns down
1983 - Yitzhak Shamir (Herut) endorsed by Menachem Begin for Israeli PM
1984 - "Zorba" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 362 performances
1985 - Betsy King wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1985 - Jerry Lewis' 20th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $33,100,000
1986 - Cathy Evelyn Smith sentenced to 3 years for death of John Belushi
Businessman & T.V. Personality Donald Trump 1987 - Donald Trump takes out a full page NY Times ad lambasting Japan
1987 - Kevin Bass is 1st NLer to switch hit HRs in a game twice in 1 season
1987 - Philips introduces CD-video
1987 - Trial begins in Moscow for West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Finland to Moscow, USSR
1988 - Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! tour begins in Wembley
1989 - Rev Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst
1990 - "Grapes of Wrath" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 188 performances
1990 - Steve Allen, installed as a new abbot of Hartford St Zen Center, SF
1991 - Jerry Lewis' 26th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $45,071,657
1991 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1991 - US officially recognizes independence of Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania
1992 - Nicaragua struck by earthquake/floodings; 118 die
1992 - US dollar valued at 156.50 guilder (record)
LPGA Golfer Pat Bradley 1993 - 10th MTV Video Music Awards: Pearl Jam, En Vogue wins
1993 - Central African Republic ex-emperor Bokassa freed
1993 - Day of Peace in South Africa
1994 - Miguel Indurain bicycles world record time (53,040 km)
1995 - Frank Bruno beats Oliver McCall in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1995 - Southern California begins using new area code 562
1996 - Jerry Lewis' 31st Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $49,200,000
1996 - Michelle McGann wins LPGA State Farm Rail Golf Classic
1996 - Soyuz TM-24, lands

1996 - A peace agreement is signed between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Montreal Canada on CHOM 97.7 FM
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Toronto Canada on CILQ 107.1 FM
Comedian Jerry Lewis 1998 - Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.
1998 - The UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.
2012 - A decades-long ban on veiled female news presenters is lifted from State television in Egypt
2012 - 15 people are killed by a car bomb attack at a refugee camp in Sbeineh, Palestine

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