23 November 2017 - FACTS ABOUT THE CHIMPANZEE


FACTS ABOUT 
THE CHIMPANZEE

G'day folks,
Chimpanzees are the species of the great apes in the genus Pan, consisting of the common chimpanzee and the bonobo. Together with gorillas, they are the only great apes that are currently restricted in their range to Africa.

Researchers have proven that chimpanzees are self-aware and can anticipate the impact of their actions on the environment around them, an ability once thought to be uniquely human.




Quick Facts
  • Type: Mammal
  • Diet: Omnivore
  • Lifespan: Average around 45 years
  • Size: 1.2 - 1.7m
  • Weight: 32 - 60 kg
  • Habitat: Savannas, deciduous woodland, Montane forest, and rainforest
  • Range: Equatorial Africa
  • Scientific name: Pan troglodytes
   We, Homo sapiens, share 98.4% of our DNA with chimpanzees.
  Chimpanzees have the same bones and muscles as humans with differences only in form (e.g. their arms are longer than their legs). Adapted for quadrupedal movement and movement through the trees, chimpanzees have robust bodies and powerful arms. Because of their dense bones and muscle tissue, the upper body strength of a mature chimpanzee is 8-10 times that than that of humans. 



  Chimpanzees are black, but older individuals may have a grey back.  Both genders often have short white beards.  The ears are prominent.  Infants have a white tail tuft and pink to brown facial skin, which darkens by adulthood.
  Chimpanzees have been shown to have their own individual personalities.
  Chimpanzees behave in a way indicating that they feel empathy.
  Chimpanzees live in fluid social groups consisting of a core of multiple females and dominant related males, whom are highly territorial and will routinely patrol their home boundaries.  Females tend to live a more solitary life than the males, often choosing to spend much of their time alone with their offspring. 



  Chimpanzee infants are completely dependent on their mothers until about five years of age. When males are between the ages of 8-12 years, or adolescence, they will increase their independence and spend more time in the company of adult males. Females tend to remain close to their mothers during adolescence, becoming mature at age 11 but only beginning to breed at age 13-14.  On average females will have about three offspring during their lifetime.
  • Chimpanzees travel mostly on the ground but will mostly feed in trees during the day and make a new nest every night in the forest canopy to sleep.
  • Their diet varies seasonally consisting mainly of fruit (~50-75%), but also leaves (~12-45%), flowers (~1-18%), seeds (~1-11%) and animal prey (~1-5%) such as grubs, termites, ants, wasps, birds and mammals including bush-pigs, duikers, rodents and even other primates.  In the Ivory Coast chimpanzees will hunt together cooperatively to catch red colobus monkeys, the meat is much prized and its subsequent sharing strengthens male alliances and familial bonds.
  • Chimpanzees have opposable thumbs and toes that allow for grasping, climbing, and object manipulation. Chimpanzees are very dexterous and are able to manipulate objects in their environment in order to fashion and use tools These tools are usually used to obtain food sources. Sticks are used for termite fishing and ant dipping, leaf sponges to soak up water and, in West Africa, chimpanzees use specially chosen rocks to crack hard palm nuts, a behaviour that can take many years to perfect. Baby female chimps were recently discovered playing with sticks like human children play with dolls.
·           Chimpanzees have many different vocalizations from soft grunts and lip smacks to alarm barks and screams.  One of the most notable vocalizations is the pant hoot used in situations of increasing social excitement. Chimpanzees are also capable of learning basic human sign language. 



·           In response to our greater understanding of our close similarity to great apes in terms of their capacity for self recognition and their innate intelligence, a movement called The Great Ape Project, calls for certain civil rights to be granted to all great apes, including the right to life, liberty and freedom from torture. 



·           Chimpanzees are classified as endangered in the wild. Aside from habitat loss they are hunted for bushmeat and infants taken for sale into the pet trade. 



·           Despite our increasing understanding of the significant similarity between humans and chimpanzees, humans continue to use chimpanzees in experiments, including experiments which cause them significant pain and suffering. 


 Clancy's comment: I love to watch these creatures. So enchanting and entertaining.

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22 November 2017 - WONDERFUL QUOTES


WONDERFUL QUOTES


G'day folks,

It's time for some inspiring quotes to fire you up for the day.














































Clancy's comment: Yep, some goodies here today. Now, get cracking.

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21 November 2017 - THE TREEHOUSE BARS OF PARIS


THE TREEHOUSE 
BARS OF PARIS

G'day folks,


There was once a place that drew crowds of Parisians away from their grand boulevards and sidewalk caf├ęs to rediscover their inner child, wine & dine in chestnut tree houses and celebrate summer like Robinson Crusoe.





Perhaps you’ve heard of a “guingette”, a sort of French equivalent to a summer hoedown, traditionally located next to the river and particularly popular in the the 19th and early 20th century, serving food and ample drinks, accompanied by lively music and dancing. Monet and Renoir immortalised such vibrant scenes in their paintings but it seems the most enchanting of these summer establishments has been long forgotten by Parisians.



Les Guinguettes de Robinson was the place to be in the summer of the 1850s. Parisians descended to the small district south of the city en masse to relax high up in the branches of chestnut trees and dance in the forest. It all began in 1848 in the hamlet of St. Eloi when an inkeeper was inspired by the popular myth of Robinson Crusoe.



He created a restaurant perched in an old Chestnut tree he called the Grand Robinson. It was an instant success and competing taverns and restaurants multiplied quickly, adopting the same Crusoe theme along the Rue Malabry. In 1888, “Le Grand Robinson”, not to be confused with “the Grand Arbre”, which set up shop just opposite, had to change its name to “Le Vrai Arbre de Robinson” (the Real Tree Robinson”), in order to set itself apart from the competition.



Customers in chestnut treehouses were served lunch of roast chicken and champagne, their meals hoisted up to them in baskets via rope pulley systems. In 1855, a food critic wrote that ‘lavish tables were set and lovebirds without feathers but forks in hand exchanged happy kisses in the breeze, witnessed only by the foliage’.




For Parisians who couldn’t flock to the seaside during the summer months (but could now escape the city thanks to the expansion of the “suburban” railway lines around Paris in the late 1850s), Les Guingettes de Robinson provided a uniquely enchanting and exotic summer adventure. For over a century, this Robinson Crusoe Village was a Parisian paradise.

 
















Clancy's comment: Wow. Those were the days, eh?

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