Welcome to some interesting facts about a man who is known around the world. I admire him greatly. He has entertained and enlightened me for many years, and he is probably the most difficult person on earth to replace.
1. Sir David Attenborough was born on 8 May, 1926,
in Isleworth, West London
Welcome to some facts about a creature that is very interesting to observe.
Chimpanzees are black, but
older individuals may have a grey back. Both genders often have
short white beards. The ears are prominent. Infants have a
white tail tuft and pink to brown facial skin, which darkens by adulthood.
Chimpanzees have been shown
to have their own individual personalities.
Chimpanzees behave in
a way indicationg that they feel empathy.
Chimpanzees live in fluid
social groups consisting of a core of multiple females and dominant
related males, whom are highly territorial and will routinely patrol their
home boundaries. Females tend to live a more solitary life than the
males, often choosing to spend much of their time alone with their
Chimpanzee infants are
completely dependent on their mothers until about five years of
age. When males are between the ages of 8-12 years, or adolescence,
they will increase their independence and spend more time in the company
of adult males. Females tend to remain close to their mothers during adolescence,
becoming mature at age 11 but only beginning to breed at age 13-14.
On average females will have about three offspring during their lifetime.
Chimpanzees travel mostly on
the ground but will mostly feed in trees during the day and make a new nest
every night in the forest canopy to sleep.
Chimpanzees are classified
as endangered in the wild. Aside from habitat loss they are hunted for
bushmeat and infants taken for sale into the pet trade.
Chimpanzees have many
different vocalizations from soft grunts and lip smacks to alarm barks and
screams. One of the most notable vocalizations is the pant hoot used
in situations of increasing social excitement. Chimpanzees are also
capable of learning basic human sign language.
Chimpanzees have opposable
thumbs and toes that allow for grasping, climbing, and object
manipulation. Chimpanzees are very dexterous and are able to manipulate
objects in their environment in order to fashion and use tools. These tools are usually
used to obtain food sources. Sticks are used for termite fishing and ant
dipping, leaf sponges to soak up water and, in West Africa, chimpanzees
use specially chosen rocks to crack hard palm nuts, a behaviour that can
take many years to perfect. Baby female chimps were recently discovered
playing with sticks like human children play with dolls.
Their diet varies seasonally
consisting mainly of fruit (~50-75%), but also leaves (~12-45%), flowers
(~1-18%), seeds (~1-11%) and animal prey (~1-5%) such as grubs, termites,
ants, wasps, birds and mammals including bush-pigs, duikers, rodents and
even other primates.
In the Ivory Coast
chimpanzees will hunt together cooperatively to catch red colobus
monkeys, the meat is much prized and its subsequent sharing strengthens
male alliances and familial bonds.
Similarities between Humans and Chimpanzees
We, Homo sapiens,
share 98.4% of our DNA with chimpanzees.
Chimpanzees have the same
bones and muscles as humans with differences only in form (e.g. their arms
are longer than their legs). Adapted for quadrupedal movement and movement
through the trees, chimpanzees have robust bodies and powerful arms.
Because of their dense bones and muscle tissue, the upper body strength of
a mature chimpanzee is 8-10 times that than that of humans
In response to our greater
understanding of our close similarity to great apes in terms of their
capacity for self recognition and their innate intelligence, a movement
called The Great Ape Project, calls for certain civil rights to be
granted to all great apes, including the right to life, liberty and
freedom from torture.
Despite our increasing
understanding of the significant similarity between humans and
chimpanzees, humans continue to use chimpanzees in experiments, including
experiments which cause them significant pain and suffering.