No doubt, you have heard this term before, but what does it signify?
After the February Revolution in 1917 overthrew Russia's centuries-old monarchy, the conflict between the Provisional Government led by Alexander Kerensky and the Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin intensified around the country.
On 7 November (25 October in Old Style) Bolshevik forces under Lenin's
command seized government buildings in Petrograd (or St. Petersburg) and
the following day the Winter Palace. This began the Soviet rise to
power, and on 9 November the Bolsheviks proclaimed the creation of the
Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, the first socialist state
The revolution did not end the struggles. Over the next 5 years the country descended into the chaos and anarchy of the Russian Civil War; the Soviets would triumph, leading to the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922.
Clancy's comment: Now you know. My personal experiences in Russia were delightful. That's all I will say.