14 November 2016 - BEN CHIFLEY




BEN  CHIFLEY

G'day folks,

Welcome to the life of a former Aussie Prime Minister.  Joseph Benedict "Ben" Chifley was an Australian politician who was the 16th Prime Minister of Australia from 1945 to 1949.



Prime Minister from 13 July 1945 to 19 December 1949

When Prime Minister John Curtin died in 1945, Chifley was elected to take over, and kept his job as Treasurer.

After the war, Chifley introduced a number of social welfare reforms and laid a strong basis for post-war reconstruction, but eventually lost the support of the electorate because people disagreed with too much government regulation of the economy.

He was a humble man who never forgot the fact that he had been a train driver before he was a politician.



Beginnings

Joseph Benedict Chifley - always known as Ben - was born in Bathurst, NSW, on 22 September 1885. Chifley's parents were both of Irish descent. His father, Patrick Chifley, was a blacksmith. His mother was Mary Anne Corrigan.

He lived and worked on his grandfather's farm at Limekilns near Bathurst until he was 13, sometimes attending the local bush school. He then spent two years at the Patrician Brothers School, Bathurst, before starting full-time work as a cashier's assistant in a general store.

He joined the NSW Government Railways as a shopboy at 17, then worked as a cleaner and fireman before becoming a locomotive driver. At 24 he was the youngest first-class locomotive driver in the NSW railways. He was also an outstanding rugby union player.

At 27 he became an advocate for his union, the Locomotive Enginemen's Association. He was dismissed from the Railways because of his part in the union's national strike in 1917, but was reinstated as a cleaner on appeal.
After deciding to fight for unionists' rights by entering parliament, he prepared himself by learning economics and finance. He became a highly competent and successful private investor and financial manager. He endeavoured to gain Labor preselection for state seats in NSW in 1922 and 1924 without success.

In 1914 he married Elizabeth McKenzie, but they had no children.



Entry to federal parliament

Chifley became a candidate for election to the House of Representatives in his home district electorate, Macquarie, in 1925 - but lost. He won the seat at the 1928 election and retained it in 1929 when James Scullin's Labor government came to power. He became Scullin's Minister for Defence.

He became embroiled in the long-running conflict within NSW Labor over policies for dealing with the Great Depression, which began in 1929. He supported the 'Federal' faction of the party against the 'Lang' faction (a group led by JT Lang, the NSW Premier.)

Chifley lost his seat in the electoral landslide against Labor in 1931. Determined to defeat Lang, he contested Lang's seat of Auburn at the 1935 state elections, but lost. As State President of 'Federal' Labor, Chifley was instrumental in restoring unity to NSW Labor in 1936. He regained his Macquarie seat in 1940 and held it through the next four general elections: in 1943, 1946, 1949 and 1951.

During his nine years of federal politics in the 1930s, he added to his reputation as a fine economist and administrator by serving as a member of the Royal Commission on Monetary and Banking Systems in 1935-1936, and as the director of labour supply and administration for the Department of Supply from 1939 to 1940.

Chifley became Treasurer in John Curtin's Labor government, with major responsibility for gearing the economy to wartime production. He remained Treasurer until his loss of government in 1949. He also served as Minister for Post-war Reconstruction from 1942 to 1945.



Prime Minister Ben Chifley

Chifley became Prime Minister following Curtin's death, succeeding the caretaker Prime Minister, Francis Forde, on 13 July 1945.

He visited the UK, USA, Japan and New Zealand while on four overseas trips to attend conferences from 1946 to 1949.

Chifley was responsible for accelerating post-war reconstruction and in 1945 the Commonwealth government became a signatory to the charter setting up the United Nations. Chifley's government announced its objective of raising the Australian population to 20 million and signed an agreement with the UK for free and assisted passages for immigrants. The War Service Land Settlement Act introduced the soldier settlement scheme. The first Holden car was 'launched' by Chifley in 1948 and the Snowy Mountains Authority was founded in 1949.

He retained office at the 1946 elections but lost to Robert Menzies' Liberal-Country Party coalition in December 1949. The defeat followed a series of events and issues through which Labor's popular support declined. These included a long-running coal strike, Communist influence in the union movement, the continuation of wartime rationing controls over the sale of petrol, and Chifley's personal crusade to nationalise private sector banking.



Later political life

Chifley continued in parliament as Leader of the Opposition after his defeat by Menzies. He died on the way to hospital after a heart attack in his hotel room in Canberra, 13 June 1951, while a ball celebrating the Jubilee of Commonwealth parliament was in progress in Parliament House.





Clancy's comment: Another man who had an interesting life; a train driver, not a lawyer.

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