OF THE SOVIET UNION
In October 1918 the Bolsheviks in Russia overthrew the provisional
government that had been established through a revolution in February
that year. Almost immediately, an extremely devastating and deadly civil
war erupted throughout the country.
By 1922 the Bolsheviks had destroyed their counter-revolutionary enemies, various independence movements and non-Bolshevik socialist foes. This had allowed them to create and sign the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR, which formed a union of the various Soviet republics - Russia, Ukraine, Transcaucasia and Byelorussia - into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or the Soviet Union.
This communist union would endure for almost seventy years and would
greatly expand beyond its original four republics into fifteen. By the
late 1980s however, economic and political pressure for an end to the
dictatorship led to the gradual disintegration of the Soviet Union.
The leaders of three of the founding republics met on December 9, 1991, in Belarus, and agreed to dissolve the Union on December 26 by denouncing the Treaty and declaring it void. Thus the communist flag was lowered over the Kremlin for the last time that night and the various republics became independent states.
Clancy's comment: And, now we have Vladimir Putin at the helm.