15 January 2017 - FIRST, SECOND OR THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES?
Ever wondered about this subject?
use the term “Third World” as shorthand for poor or developing nations. By
contrast, wealthier countries such as the United States and the nations of
Western Europe are described as being part of the “First World.” Where did
these distinctions come from, and why do we rarely hear about the “Second
worlds” model of geopolitics first arose in the mid-20th century as a way of
mapping the various players in the Cold War. The origins of the concept are
complex, but historians usually credit it to the French demographer Alfred
Sauvy, who coined the term “Third World” in a 1952 article entitled “Three
Worlds, One Planet.” In this original context, the First World included the
United States and its capitalist allies in places such as Western Europe, Japan
The Second World consisted of the communist Soviet Union and its
Eastern European satellites. The Third World, meanwhile, encompassed all the
other countries that were not actively aligned with either side in the Cold
War. These were often impoverished former European colonies, and included
nearly all the nations of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia.
powerful economies of the West are still sometimes described as “First World,”
but the term “Second World” has become largely obsolete following the collapse
of the Soviet Union. “Third World” remains the most common of the original
designations, but its meaning has changed from “non-aligned” and become more of
a blanket term for the developing world.
Since it’s partially a relic of the
Cold War, many modern academics consider the “Third World” label to be
outdated. Terms such as “developing countries” and “low and lower-middle-income
countries” are now often used in its place.